SOURCE Richard Whelan, Robert Capa: A Biography. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994 (first published in 1985).

Robert Capa recorded stories of conflict from Spain in 1936 to Vietnam in 1954 (where he was killed by a landmine).

Go to Robert Capa bibliography

"Les Incidents de Genčve Vus par VU", (The Incidents at Geneva Seen by VU)  8 July 1936.

Swiss policemen are man-handling a Spanish journalist during a League of Nations summit. The Spaniard had been trying to silence a crowd of Italian journalists shouting insults at deposed Emperor Haile Selassie.  

"La Guerre Civile en Espagne: Comment Ils Sont Tombés , Comment Ils Ont Fui" (The Spanish Civil War: How They Fell, How They Fled) 23 September 1936.

Includes the famous image of the death of a Loyalist militiaman, probably photographed in the vicinity of Cerro Muriano, around 5 September 1936.

"This is War", 3 December 1938.

The Loyalist's last stand against Franco's Insurgent forces at the Segre River. These front line photographs solidified Capa's standing as...

"The Greatest War-Photographer in the World: Robert Capa", 3 December 1938.

"It's a Tough War" . 31 January 1944.

With the Fifth Army in the Liri valley campaign, Italy.

"Palestine War: First Frontline Pictures", 19 June 1948.


Capa covered the relief of Jerusalem after Arab forces had cut the road to Tel Aviv. The Israeli forces reminded Capa of the Loyalists in Spain: "This is the beginning of the Jewish Army and reminds one strongly of the Republican Army of Spain at the beginning of the Civil War. The same enthusiasm, the same differences in politics, professions, and age."-- Richard Whelan, Robert Capa: A Biography. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994 (first published in 1985)

Page spread from SLIGHTLY OUT OF FOCUS, Capa's World War II memoir.

Capa accompanied E Company, 16th Infantry, on D-Day. He wrote in Slightly Out of Focus that he chose E Co. because he had gotten to know the outfit during their biggest fights in North Africa and Sicily, at El Guettar and Troina.

Capa believed he landed on Easy Red but chances are it was actually Fox Green. Here is his description of that day:

"The flat bottom of our barge hit the earth of France....The men from my barge waded in the water. Waist-deep, with rifles ready to shoot, with the invasion obstacles and the smoking beach in the background—this was good enough for the photographer. I paused a moment on the gangplank to take my first real picture of the invasion. The boatswain who was in an understandable hurry to get the hell out of there, mistook my picture taking attitude for explicable hesitation, and helped me make up my mind with a well-aimed kick in the rear. The water was cold, and the beach still more than a hundred yards away. The bullets tore holes in the water around me, and I made for the nearest steel obstacle. A soldier got there at the same time, and for a few minutes we shared its cover. He took the waterproofing off his rifle and began to shoot without much aiming at the smoke-hidden beach. The sound of his rifle gave him enough courage to move forward and left the obstacle to me. It was a foot larger now, and I felt safe enough to take pictures of the other guys hiding just like I was....[I] repeated a little sentence from my Spanish Civil War days, “Es una cosa muy seria. Es una cosa muy seria.” This is a very serious business....

"Seven days later, I learned that the pictures I had taken on 'Easy Red' were the best of the invasion. But the excited darkroom assistant, while drying the negatives, had turned on too much heat and the emulsions had melted and run down before the eyes of the London office. Out of one hundred and six pictures in all, only eight were salvaged. The captions under the heat-blurred pictures read that Capa's hands were badly shaking."

Robert Capa on the evening of D-Day, back in Portsmouth, England after photographing the invasion.
(Photo by Life magazine colleague, David E. Scherman)